Create a 2 pages page paper that discusses how did the wartime mobilization affect american politics what were the provisions of the gi bill what was important about the 1944 presidential election. History of the United s How did the wartime mobilization affect American politics? Mobilization is a word that was first used in a military context in the 1850s. It was used to describe the preparation of the army of Prussia for deployment. The era of mobilization involved the allocation of nation’s resources for the preparation, assembly and equipping of forces for a war. This process of preparing armies for war started in the middle of the nineteenth century. The mobilization techniques and theories have continued to change over the years. In a period of four days before the attack by Pearl Harbor, the United States was fully drawn in the war and the courts resources both financial and human were to be mobilized for the war.
Introduction of railway and conscription made mobilization an issue. Societal changes and the technology promoted the move toward a more organized way of assembling armies. Although, the benefits of wartime mobilization did not create a level playing field for most Americans, there was transformation among the people and the nation at large (it finished taking the United States out of the Great Depression) (Rosenberg, p629). The opportunity and obstacles that came either wartime mobilization affected the people the very way they vied themselves in the society. For instance, women moved into jobs that were largely dominated by men, hence changing the role of women in the society. Furthermore, mobilization brought about civil rights. Africa Americans serving in were less likely to be segregated.
What were the provisions of the GI Bill?
The GI BILL was created to assist the World War II veterans. It provides low –interest rate mortgages, established hospitals, and it provided stipends covering expenses and tuition for veterans attending trade schools or colleges. The GI BILL is termed as one on most significant piece of legislation to be produced by the federal government. It had influenced the economic, social, and political status of the United States (Humes, p110). however, it almost never came to be due to the debate on the provisions of the GI BILL. However, despite all the differences they agreed that the veteran must be helped to be able to assimilate into the civilian life. It also was commonly referred to as the GI BILL of rights. As much as the congress was giving a chance for redemption some, saw it as a genuine attempt to thwart a looming economic and social crisis. Others saw inaction as a way of welcoming another depression.
What was important about the 1944 presidential election?
In 1944, the dominant issues at that time were war and peace. Therefore, the candidates were judged by their ability to compete with the war effort United States being the leading Allied power at that time. A candidate who would produce a just and lasting peace after the war, led by the United States as a superpower and the world’s largest economic power was highly preferred.
Roosevelt was picked by the Democrats while Republican nominated Thomas Dewey. Roosevelt remained popular among the people especially with the continuing war whereby the opposition would not be able to mount much of a campaign against the president. Therefore, faced little challenge and had high chances of winning, considering that it was in the midst of war, where Dewey was unable to attack Roosevelt policies (Jordan, p141). As much as he had served longer than any other president had he remained popular, he was re-elected in 1944 to serve his fourth term in the office.
Humes, Edward. Over Here: How the G.i. Bill Transformed the American Dream. , 2014. Internet resource
Jordan, David M. Fdr, Dewey, and the Election of 1944. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2011. Print.
Rosenberg, Norman L. Liberty, Equality, Power: A History of the American People. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth, 2013. Print.